The word tajweed literally means “doing something well” or “proficiency”. It is the rules we learn to read Quran with no mistakes.
Did you know that Tajweed rules didn’t exist at the time of revelation? The reason behind that is that people at that time used to speak that way. But with time the language changed and now the Arabic that we know is different than the Arabic people used in the past.
But why did they use tajweed then? After Islam started to spread and non-Arabs embraced Islam the need for rules and dots to differentiate the letters from each other appeared. The Tajweed rules and signs were used to make it easy for non-Arabs to read the Quran correctly.
Therefore, the tajweed is added to help us recite the Holy Quran just like our beloved prophet did. Even Arabs should learn tajweed to read the Quran correctly. Because the many Arabic dialects that exist now are different from the Arabic of the Holy Quran.
What is Tajweed Quran in Islam?
Tajweed meaning in English “doing something well” or “proficiency”. Tajweed are the rules that are made to make the recitation of the holy Quran easy, it helps you read the verses correctly without making any mistakes. It helps you read the verses of the Quran correctly and pronounce each letter how it is supposed to be pronounced. This in turn will help you understand the meaning of the verses you read easily.
Shaykh Zakaria Al-Ansari said: “It is imperative for a Muslim to learn the rules of recitation that preserve the meaning and function of words since failure to do so is blameworthy.”
Ali Hanafi said, “Correct rules of recitation must be learned to avoid changes in meaning and function. It is preferable for a Muslim to learn the rules which preserve meaning and make it clearer since a great deal of hardship is involved in mastering all the rules of correct recitation.”
What is the difference between Tajweed Quran and Quran?
Quran refers to the holy Quran itself, while the tajweed Quran refers to the rules that are used to help us recite the holy Quran just like our beloved prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) used to read it.
Tajweed rules are there to help us understand the true meaning of the verses and words of the Quran. because any small changes may lead to changing the meaning of the word completely.
What is Tajweed and why is it important?
Learning the Tajweed rules helps you read correctly because as you know the meaning of the word can completely change if you dropped a letter or read it wrong. Therefore, learning tajweed Quran is important if you don’t want to make a mistake while reciting the Quran.
Our beloved prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
“Verily the one who recites the Quran beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. And as for the one who recites with difficulty, stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have TWICE that reward.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
It is important to learn Quran with Tajweed but it is not obligatory, you can learn Quran with Tajweed online through Tajweed classes. Also, you could enroll your kids in Tajweed for kids classes.
What are the basic Tajweed rules?
There are different types of Quran tajweed rules and they include Noon Sakinah and Tanween, Izhaar, Idghaam, Iqlaab, Ikhfaa, Noon and Meem Mushaddad, Meem Sakinah, Ikhfaa Shafawy, Idghaam Shafawy, and Al-Madd.
Here’s an explanation with examples of some of the main Tajweed Quran rules.
Noon and Meem Moshaddadah.
From its name these rules apply when finding any of the two letter noon (ن) and meem (م) with a shadda on it to be written as (نً / مً ) while including Ghunnah of 2 beats.
tajweed Qalqalah refers to making a vibration sound at the end of the pronunciation of the following letters: Qaaf (ق), Ttaa(ت), Baa(ب), Jiim(ج), or Daal(د). And you apply this rule when you find Sukoon or Shaddah on the letter and the rule includes minor, medium, and major.
Here’s an example of the tajweed rule Qalqalah is surah Falaq:
قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ ٱلْفَلَقِ ١
Say, ˹O Prophet,˺ “I seek refuge in the Lord of the daybreak
مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ ٢
from the evil of whatever He has created,
وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ ٣
and from the evil of the night when it grows dark,
وَمِن شَرِّ ٱلنَّفَّـٰثَـٰتِ فِى ٱلْعُقَدِ ٤
and from the evil of those ˹witches casting spells by˺ blowing onto knots,
وَمِن شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ ٥
and from the evil of an envier when they envy.”
Noon Sakinah and Tanween:
Among the tajweed rules is the rule of Noon Sakinah and Tanween. When you find the mark of Sukoon on the letter noon (ن) or when you find the tanween then this rule is applied. Notice that tanween refers to pronouncing noon Sakinah at the end of the word without writing it, it is written as (اً). The rule includes Izhaar, Idghaam, Iqlaab, and Ikhfa rule.
صِرَاطًامُسْتَقِيمًا، صحُفـاً مُّطَهَّرة، وُجُوهٌيَوْمَئِذٍ.
أَنْلَوْ، مِنْرَّبِّه / وَيْلٌلِّلْمُطَفِّفين
فأنذرتُكم، ماءًثجّاجًا، قومًاطاغين، ولمنصبر
When you find the letter meem (م) with the mark of Sukoon on it then one of the following rules is applied, Ikhfaa Shafawy, Idghaam Shafawy, and Izhar Shafawy.
أَفْتَرَىٰ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ كَذِبًا أَم بِهِۦ جِنَّةٌۢ
وَيَجْعَلُونَ لِلَّهِ ٱلْبَنَٰتِ سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ ۙ وَلَهُم مَّا يَشْتَهُونَ
وَكَذَّبَ ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَمَا بَلَغُوا۟ مِعْشَارَ مَآ ءَاتَيْنَٰهُمْ فَكَذَّبُوا۟ رُسُلِى
This rule refers to pronouncing the letter by giving it from 2 to 6 beats based on its type.
قَالَ الَّذِي عِندَهُ عِلْمٌ مِّنَ الْكِتَابِ
صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
إِلَّا الَّذِينَ ءامَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ
رَّضِيَ اللَّـهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَنْ خَشِيَ رَبَّهُ
فَأَثَرْنَ بِهِ نَقْعًا
There are two main types of Madd and they are:
Madd Asli (Natural Madd).
Madd Far’ee (Secondary Madd).
There are two types of Hamzah one of them can be found in any place in the world and it’s called Hamza-tul Oata. While the other one is only found at the beginning of the word and is dropped when continuing the reading, its name is Hamzah-tul Wasl.
That’s it for today’s article, I hope you found it useful, for more information or if you have any questions visit our website Iqra Online.